Attacks targeting the voters and the election process were much less than anticipated, according to security officials.
In 13 provinces, including Kabul, five people were killed and 76 others were wounded.
Most incidents involved rockets launched from hidden places at polling centers.
Acting Minister of Defense Assadullah Khalid and Acting Minister of Interior Massoud Andarabi, at a press conference, said no major incidents happened on the election day to disrupt the process, and that the polling, generally, proceeded without incident.
Khalid said Taliban attacks were mostly thwarted and occurred far fewer times than in past elections.
Andarabi said that the Taliban attempted 68 movements against polling centers across the country but were thwarted.
Takhar, Faryab, Logar, Kunduz, Jawzjan, Faryab and Kunar faced the most security threats, he said.
“The Taliban last week warned that they would disrupt the election, but the security forces foiled all their attempts,” Andarabi said.
He said that 468 polling centers remained closed on the election day due to security issues, technical problems and for lack of employees.
Maidan Wardak, almost 35 kilometers to the west of Kabul, witnessed six incidents, five of them rocket shelling.
There were three explosions in Kabul.
Kunduz witnessed seven security incidents, mostly rocket attacks, in which one person was killed and 37 were wounded.
An explosion near a polling center in Jalalabad city, Nangarhar, killed one and wounded two others.
Out of 282 polling centers in Balkh, 124 remained closed in nine districts of the northern province of Balkh, TOLOnews reporter Sharif Amiry said.
The Ministry of Interior said that 72,000 forces were deployed for security and 30,000 others were available in reserve.
According to the Election Commission, 4,500 polling centers were open during the election day.